NEBO

NEBO (Heb. נְבוֹ). (1) High mountain E. of the Jordan River, opposite Jericho. It forms part of the heights of Abarim bordering the Moab plateau, where the Israelites encamped on the last stage of their journey (Deut. 32:49). The mountain is identified with Jebel Shayhān that has two peaks: Raʾs al-Nibāʾ, 2,739 ft. (835 m.), and Raʾs Siyāgha, 2,329 ft. (710 m.). In the Bible the peak of Mt. Nebo is called Pisgah; from there Moses beheld the Promised Land before dying. Although Raʾs al-Nibāʾ has retained the biblical name, scholars regard the second peak as the more likely site of Pisgah, because of the magnificent view from there. Moses died on the mountain and was buried in a valley "and no one knows his burial place to this day" (Deut. 34:6). According to an apocryphal source, Jeremiah buried the Ark of the Covenant and various other objects from the Holy of Holies on the mountain (II Macc. 2:5ff.). In Byzantine times the tomb of Moses was "rediscovered" by a shepherd (Petrus Iberus, 88. and a memorial church was erected together with a monastery on Raʾs Siyāgha. The church consists of a basilica with a trefoil apse, a baptistery (dated 597), and a chapel, all paved with mosaics. Eusebius locates "Phasgo" (= Pisgah) on the way from Livias to Heshbon (Onom. 18:3). (2) Reubenite town (Num. 32:3, 38) near Mt. Nebo, belonging to the family of Bela (I Chron. 5:8). It remained an Israelite possession till the revolt of the Moabite king Mesha   against the house of Omri. On his stele (lines 14ff.) Mesha describes his conquest of the town, the destruction of the sanctuary of the God of Israel before the Moabite god Chemosh and the sacrifice of 7,000 men, boys, women, girls, and maid-servants (see mesha stele ). The prophets Isaiah (15:2) and Jeremiah (48:1, 22) mention Nebo among the cities of Moab in their descriptions of the "burdens" on that land. Eusebius refers to it as a ruined town, 6 (or 8) mi. (c. 11 or 14 km.) west of Heshbon (Onom. 136:6–13). Scholars identify Nebo either with Khirbat al-Muhayyit southeast of Raʾs Siyāgha or with Khirbat ʿUyūn Mūsā ("Springs of Moses") northeast of the mountain, beside a spring of the same name. Iron Age fortresses have been discovered at both sites. (3) Town in Judah whose inhabitants were among those who returned from Babylonian Exile (Ezra 2:29; 10:43; Neh. 7:33). The place may be identical with Nob. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: Abel, Géog, 1 (1933), 379ff.; 2 (1938), 397–8; N. Glueck, in: AASOR, 15 (1935), 109ff.; S.J. Saller, The Memorial of Moses on Mount Nebo (1941); S.J. Saller and B. Bagatti, The Town of Nebo (1949); Aharoni, Land, index; EM, 5 (1968), 685–90 (incl. bibl.). (Michael Avi-Yonah)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Nebo — «Nebo» Сингл Нины Бадрич из альбома NeBo …   Википедия

  • Nebo — may refer to: Nebo (god), a Babylonian god Nabau, a Biblical town Nebo: In ancient times Nebo, or Nabu was the Chaldean deity of the Babylonians and Assyrians. King Nebuchadnezzar s name means May Nebo protect my boundary. ([1]) Places See also… …   Wikipedia

  • Nebo — Berg Nebo, von Osten aus einer Entfernung von 1,4 km Höhe 808  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • NÉBO — Montagne de Moab, à l’est de Jéricho, dominant la mer Morte et la vallée du Jourdain et d’où on peut observer le versant est des collines de Judée et de Samarie. Il est probable que la montagne de Nébo était primitivement liée à un sanctuaire… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • nebo — nȅbo sr <N mn a/nebèsa, G nȇbā/nebésā> DEFINICIJA 1. a. atmosfera i svemirski prostor koji se sa Zemlje vidi kao svod [južno nebo; sjeverno nebo] b. vrijeme ili klima kao pokazatelj toga 2. pren. baldahin; natkrovlje, nebnica 3. rel.… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • Nebo — Nebo, IL U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 408 Housing Units (2000): 183 Land area (2000): 0.422848 sq. miles (1.095170 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006005 sq. miles (0.015554 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.428853 sq. miles (1.110724 sq.… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Nebo, IL — U.S. village in Illinois Population (2000): 408 Housing Units (2000): 183 Land area (2000): 0.422848 sq. miles (1.095170 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.006005 sq. miles (0.015554 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.428853 sq. miles (1.110724 sq. km) FIPS… …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Nebo, KY — U.S. city in Kentucky Population (2000): 220 Housing Units (2000): 93 Land area (2000): 0.250608 sq. miles (0.649072 sq. km) Water area (2000): 0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km) Total area (2000): 0.250608 sq. miles (0.649072 sq. km) FIPS code …   StarDict's U.S. Gazetteer Places

  • Nebo — prop. n. (Babylonian mythology) The Babylonian god of wisdom and agriculture and patron of scribes and schools. Syn: Nabu. [WordNet 1.5] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • NEBO — urbs, et mons terae Moabitarum supra Iordanum, contra Ierichuntem civitatem, in sorte tribûs Ruben, Numer. c. 32. v. 3. Vide Nabe. Item civitas in tribu Beniamin, Esr. c. 2. v. 29. et Est. c. 10. v. 43. Item Grammatici cuiusdam nomen, Lamprid. in …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.